Evanescence is an American rock band founded in Little Rock, Arkansas in 1995 by singer/pianist Amy Lee and guitarist Ben Moody. After recording two private EPs and a demo CD named Origin, with the help of Bigwig Enterprises in 2000, the band released their first full-length album, Fallen, on Wind-up Records in 2003. Fallen sold more than 15 million copies worldwide and helped the band win two Grammy Awards. A year later, Evanescence released their first live album, Anywhere but Home, which sold more than one million copies worldwide. In 2006, the band released their second studio album, The Open Door, which sold more than five million copies.
The line-up of the band has changed several times: co-founder Moody left in 2003 (mid-tour), bassist Will Boyd in 2006, followed by guitarist John LeCompt and drummer Rocky Gray in 2007. The last two changes have led to a hiatus, with temporary band members contributing to tour performances. In June 2009, Amy Lee posted on the official Evanescence website that the band had been working on new material for a proposed 2010 album.
Critics vary in terming Evanescence a rock or metal band, but most identify them as some form of gothic metal: Publications such as The New York Times, Rough Guides, Rolling Stone and Blender have identified Evanescence as a gothic metal act, while other sources such as NME, MusicMight, IGN and Popmatters have termed them gothic rock. They have been compared to a variety of bands from differing genres, such as nu metal ensembles like P.O.D. and Linkin Park, gothic metal groups like Lacuna Coil, and symphonic metal acts like Nightwish and Within Temptation. David Browne of Blender offers an elaborate description of the band's music as "goth Christian nü-metal with a twist of melancholic Enya." Adrien Begrand of Popmatters describes Evanescence as utilising "nu-metal riffage".  Adrian Jackson of My Dying Bride stated that he feels Evanescence is doing something similar to his own gothic metal group, only in a more commercial direction. Other genres and influences used to describe the band's sound include alternative metal, alternative rock, hard rock, post-grunge and electronica.. Itunes has classified them as Rock (Hard Rock, Metal), and Alternative (Grunge, Goth rock).
Band members Main article: List of Evanescence band members Current Amy Lee – lead vocals, piano, keyboards (1995–present) Terry Balsamo – lead guitars (2003–present) Tim McCord – bass (2006–present) Former Ben Moody – lead guitars (1995–2003) David Hodges – keyboards, piano, drums, backing vocals (1999–2002) Rocky Gray – drums, percussion (2002–2007) John LeCompt – rhythm guitars, backing vocals (2002–2007) Will Boyd – bass (2003–2006) Session and live musicians James Black – rhythm guitars (live, 2009) Francesco DiCosmo – bass (session, 2003) David Eggar – cello (session/live, 2006) Josh Freese – drums, percussion (session, 2003) Stephanie Pierce – background vocals (live, 1999) Will Hunt – drums (live, 2007 and 2009) Troy McLawhorn – guitar (live, 2007)